This happens primarily due to financial reasons. One of the spouses has a job in a different city. It could be in a different place in the same state, country or even abroad. This situation seems very common now-a-days. Fortunately for some, the issue gets resolved satisfactorily. Either one spouse is able to get a transfer to the same city where her spouse works, or the visa comes through and she is able to join him soon. But there are couples who are forced to live apart for reasons over which they have no control. Mostly people in the Gulf countries are bound by stricter laws and so they opt to have long distance marriages. How does this kind of marriage work?
Marriage and living together makes bonding possible. All that sharing, laughter, fights, holding hands, arguments, deciding and buying things together, bringing up the children together, all these lead to bonding within the relationship. They get to know each other well, know their negative traits, when to leave each other alone, when one needs pampering, etc. It is a life long process, and this is missed in the long distance marriages. How do these marriages survive? What happens to the individuals in this situations? Do they grow apart? They are connected because of children, but will they be able to care for each other? Will they have any common grounds for conversation, apart from children? There will be so much missing in this marriage. Communication may be there, but bonding? Or is that an over-rated emotion? Your views are welcome.